D Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (2024)

Minor scales have a dark and mysterious sound that is used to create tension and emotion in music. They’re essential scales to learn for composers and musicians, but they can be a bit confusing as there are three different types.

In this post, we’re going to be exploring the natural, melodic, and harmonic forms of D minor scale. So, if you’re ready to dive into the key of D minor, let’s get started!

Table of Contents

D Natural Minor Scale

The first form of D minor that we will look at is the natural minor scale.

It’s made up of seven notes starting on D (which is known as the keynote). It then follows the natural minor scale formula of whole and half steps.

This gives us the notes: D E F G A Bb C

As you can see, it has one flat note: Bb

D Natural Minor Scale in the Treble Clef

Here are all the notes of D natural minor scale in the treble clef, ascending and descending.

D Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (1)
D Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (2)

D Natural Minor Scale in the Bass Clef

Next up, we have D natural minor scale in the bass clef, ascending and descending.

D Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (3)
D Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (4)

D Natural Minor Scale in the Alto Clef

The least common of all the clefs, here we have D natural minor scale in the Alto clef, ascending and descending.

D Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (5)
D Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (6)

D Natural Minor Scale in the Tenor Clef

And finally, here are all the notes of D natural minor scale in the tenor clef, ascending and descending.

D Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (7)
D Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (8)

Natural Minor Scale Formula

The natural minor scale, like every other type of scale, is constructed by using a certain combination of intervals between each note.

The formula, using whole steps and half steps, is:

Whole step, half step, whole step, whole step, half step, whole step, whole step.

This is abbreviated toW W H W W W H.

D Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (9)

Using the British terminology of tones and semitones, this would be:

Tone, semitone, tone, tone, semitone, tone, tone.

Which gets abbreviated toT S T T S T T.

D Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (10)

D Harmonic Minor Scale

The next form of D minor scale we’ll look at is the D harmonic minor, which is slightly different from the natural minor in that it has a raised 7th note.

So, the notes in D harmonic minor are: D E F G A Bb C#

Like D natural minor, it also has one flat, (Bb), but, notice that the seventh note is raised from a C to C#.

D Harmonic Minor Scale in the Treble Clef

First, let’s look at D harmonic minor scale in the treble clef, ascending and descending.

D Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (11)
D Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (12)

D Harmonic Minor Scale in the Bass Clef

Next, we have D harmonic minor ascending and descending in the bass clef.

D Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (13)
D Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (14)

D Harmonic Minor Scale in the Alto Clef

The least common of all the clefs, here we have D harmonic minor ascending and descending in the alto clef.

D Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (15)
D Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (16)

D Harmonic Minor Scale in the Tenor Clef

And now we have D harmonic minor in the tenor clef, ascending and descending.

D Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (17)
D Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (18)

Hamonic Minor Scale Formula

The natural minor scale, like every other type of scale, is constructed by using a certain combination of intervals between each note.

The formula, using whole steps and half steps, is:

Whole step, half step, whole step, whole step, half step, whole and a half step, half step.

This is abbreviated toW H W W H WH H.

D Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (19)

Using the British terminology of tones and semitones, this would be:

Tone, semitone, tone, tone, semitone, tone and a semitone, semitone.

Which gets abbreviated toT S T T S TS S.

D Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (20)

D Melodic Minor Scale

And the last type of minor scale we’ll look at is D melodic minor scale. This one is a bit different from the others, though.

When it’s ascending, it’s different from the natural in that its 6th and 7th notes are raised.

This gives us the notes: D E F G A B C#

But, when descending, the 6th and 7th notes are flattened.

This means that it’s the same as the natural minor scale when descending, giving us the notes: C Bb A G F E D

D Melodic Minor Scale in the Treble Clef

Let’s take a look at D melodic minor scale in the treble clef, ascending and descending.

D Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (21)
D Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (22)

D Melodic Minor Scale in the Bass Clef

Next up, let’s take a look at D melodic minor scale ascending and descending in the bass clef.

D Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (23)
D Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (24)

D Melodic Minor Scale in the Alto Clef

Now we have D melodic minor scale in the alto clef, ascending and descending.

D Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (25)
D Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (26)

D Melodic Minor Scale in the Tenor Clef

And here’s D melodic minor scale in the tenor clef, ascending and descending.

D Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (27)
D Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (28)

What is the Key Signature of D Minor?

To make playing in a certain key easier for the musician to read, we can use a key signature.

This helps us know to play certain notes sharp or flat without having to read an accidental each time.

D minor has the same key signature as F major, which has one flat in its key signature: Bb

Here’s the key signature for D minor in the treble, alto, tenor, and bass clefs.

D Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (29)

What is the Relative Major Scale of D Minor?

Every minor scale has a relative major scale, and every major one has a relative minor one. But what is the relative major scale of D minor?

The relative major scale of D minor is F major.

Here is F major scale, which uses all the same notes as D natural minor but starts on F, which is its keynote: F G A Bb C D E

D Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (30)
D Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (31)

But how do we know that F major is the relative major scale of D minor?

Well, to work out the relative major key of a minor one, all we have to do is go up three half steps (semitones).

So from D, we go up one half step to Eb, a second half step to E, and a third half step to F: D > Eb > E> F

To learn more about the relative major of D minor, see our guide to F major scale here.

Conclusion

That’s it for our guide to the scale of D minor! We hope it helped make a bit more sense of everything.

Feel free to use this post as a reference and let us know if you have any other questions.

D Minor Scale: Natural, Harmonic And Melodic (2024)

FAQs

What is the natural minor scale for D minor? ›

Let's start with the D natural minor scale. This scale consists of the pitches, D, E, F, G, A, B♭, and C. Its key signature consists of one flat. To learn more about this scale and others, check out my course, Learn Scales & Music Theory & Give Yourself An Upper Hand.

What is the harmonic minor scale D minor? ›

The D harmonic minor scale is a seven-note scale consisting of the notes D, E, F, G, A, B♭, and C♯. The scale corresponds to the D natural minor scale with the seventh degree raised a half step.

What is the melodic minor scale for D minor? ›

The D Minor melodic scale, like all melodic scales, has a different set of notes on the descent than it does on the ascent. Climbing up the scale you have D, E, F, G, A, B, C sharp, and D. Coming back down you hit C, A sharp, A, G, F, E, and D.

What are the natural melodic harmonic minor scales? ›

Each minor scale is an ordered collection of half and whole steps, as follows: Natural minor: W‑H‑W‑W‑H‑W‑W (ascending) Harmonic minor: W‑H‑W‑W‑H‑3Hs‑H (ascending) Melodic minor: W‑H‑W‑W‑W‑W‑H (ascending) and W‑W‑H‑W‑W‑H‑W (descending).

What are the notes in the D natural minor scale? ›

D minor is a minor scale based on D, consisting of the pitches D, E, F, G, A, B♭, and C. Its key signature has one flat.

How do you play D Minor harmonic scale? ›

D Minor Harmonic Scale on Piano

The notes are D, E, F, G, A, A sharp, C sharp, and D. Starting with the thumb of the right hand, play the D note and work your way up to the F. From there cross your thumb under your third finger and continue up the scale. The scale will end with your thumb on the D octave.

What does d harmonic minor look like? ›

The D harmonic minor scale has 1 flat, 1 sharp. This harmonic minor scale is based on the natural minor scale with the same key / tonic note - D natural minor scale. Since the natural minor key is itself on the Circle of 5ths - D minor on circle of 5ths, this means that this is a commonly used harmonic minor scale key.

What is D harmonic scale? ›

The D harmonic major scale is a seven-note scale consisting of the notes D, E, F♯, G, A, B♭, and C♯. The scale corresponds to the D major scale with the sixth degree lowered a half step. D harmonic major scale. Notes. DEF♯GAB♭C♯D.

Are D minor and F major the same? ›

For example, F major and D minor both have one flat in their key signature at B♭; therefore, D minor is the relative minor of F major, and conversely F major is the relative major of D minor.

What is the rule for melodic minor? ›

To convert a natural minor scale into melodic minor, raise both the sixth and seventh notes by a semitone. For example, to convert C Natural Minor into C Melodic Minor, simply raise the Ab and Bb a half step to A and B.

What is natural harmonic and melodic? ›

The natural minor scale is the equivalent of the Aeolian mode. All 7 notes remain just as they are in the key signature. The harmonic minor scale has the 7th sharpened to create a leading tone. The melodic minor scale has both the 6th and 7th sharpened for a smooth (and convincing) ascent to the tonic.

What is the difference between harmonic and natural scale? ›

The harmonic minor scale (or Aeolian ♯7 scale) has the same notes as the natural minor scale except that the seventh degree is raised by one semitone, creating an augmented second between the sixth and seventh degrees.

What is the difference between the melodic and natural minor scale? ›

Melodic minor, however, differs from the natural minor scale by also having a 6th that is a half-step higher. The melodic minor scale is like natural minor, but with a raised 6th and 7th.

What is the key signature for D natural minor? ›

Minor key signatures are formed from the natural minor form of the scale. Therefore, the key signature for D minor has only one flat: Bb.

What is D minor relative minor? ›

(This is as opposed to parallel minor or major, which shares the same tonic.) For example, F major and D minor both have one flat in their key signature at B♭; therefore, D minor is the relative minor of F major, and conversely F major is the relative major of D minor.

What is the parallel minor of D major natural form? ›

A natural minor scale beginning on D would be D,E,F,G,A,Bb,C,D. That one would be called the "parallel minor" of D major: a minor scale that start on the same tonic as the major key. The parallel minor will always have a different key signature.

What is the natural D major scale? ›

The notes of the D major scale are D – E – F# – G – A – B – C# – D. The note, D repeats one octave higher. Its key signature has two sharps.

Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Virgilio Hermann JD

Last Updated:

Views: 6431

Rating: 4 / 5 (41 voted)

Reviews: 88% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Virgilio Hermann JD

Birthday: 1997-12-21

Address: 6946 Schoen Cove, Sipesshire, MO 55944

Phone: +3763365785260

Job: Accounting Engineer

Hobby: Web surfing, Rafting, Dowsing, Stand-up comedy, Ghost hunting, Swimming, Amateur radio

Introduction: My name is Virgilio Hermann JD, I am a fine, gifted, beautiful, encouraging, kind, talented, zealous person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.